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Why is the title The Divine Comedy appropriate for a work that includes a journey through Hell?

Deborah Edwards

in English

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Kaitlin Dean on February 27, 2019

Dante's the Divine Comedy is the beginning of Italian literature and the single most significant work of the Middle Ages because its allegory emphasizes the importance of salvation and the divine love in a work that is inclusive and well structured. It is so deeply infused with Christian ethics that any vision has to touch on important Christian topics, beginning with the plot that is set during Easter week of 1300.The work is a complex narrative with many allusions to bible stories, classical myths, history, and contemporary politics; however, the plot of the symbolism it provides clarity in that it celebrates the ideal of universality, where everything has its place in the world of God, and its ultimate goal of salvation triumphs over the contemporary reality of the power struggle between the worldly and the religious leaders.Climbing past Satan, Dante is directed towards the salvation. While all sinners in Hell will remain there forever to suffer the terrible punishment because they do not recognize their sins, to the souls in Purgatory are already saved and, eventually, they will go to Heaven because they confessed their sins before they die. Therefore, the mood has completely changed: The souls are not trapped in eternal isolation, but learn in groups from examples of virtue and vice that correspond to your penance. Purgatory is presented as a large cone shape of the mountain and the only land mass in the southern hemisphere. Purgatory proper is organized into seven rings according to the traditional seven deadly sins (pride, envy, wrath, sloth, greed, gluttony, and lust). At the top of the mountain is the earthly paradise (Garden of Eden); this is the human reason can lead, so that Virgil leaves and Beatrice of Dante becomes the guide.Cleansed of his own sins, Dante rises naturally toward the Sky. In line with the vision of the world-Ptolemaic, the Sky is organized in spheres with the earth at the center. Dante identifies ten spheres that is related to the so-called four pagan virtues of fortitude, justice, temperance, and prudence, in various grades (first to seventh Heaven), the three Christian virtues of faith, hope and charity (the eighth Heaven), the Primum Mobile (the ninth heaven, which moves all the others), and the Empyrean (the tenth Heaven outside of time and space, where God dwells). The Empyrean as a state of being, it also contains the Celestial Rose, where all the blessed souls reside. The souls do not reside in the individual heaven, where Dante is with them, but they are not so that he can more easily understand their place in the divine order. The blessed souls in Heaven form a true, though strictly hierarchical, the community that exists in the all-permeating feeling of love and happiness, that comes from the joy and peace of being in the right place at the creation of God. Dante evokes images of the light which is beyond human experience, such as the radiance of the blessed souls, and Dante's vision of God.


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