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Who were the Phoenicians?

Jessie Thompson

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Bethany Evans on February 20, 2019

The Phoenicians were a people of Semitic, the who established a earlycivilization - from about 1200 BCE - on the Mediterranean coastnear what is now Lebanon and western Syria, where they set up aseries of independent city-states (for example, Sidon, Tyre, Byblos, with amajor in the city-state in tunis, Tunisia - Carthage). They were also one of thestrongest of the maritime powers of their time. Established trading colonies and posts of all theMediteranean of the basin, in the North of Africa (Morocco, Tunisia, Libya,Algeria, Egypt), the Italian peninsula, Sicily, Corsica, Spain,Portugal, Babylon. Phoenicia as a state and civilization lastedfrom 1550 BC to 300 BC, when the territory was conquered by thePersians. The cities in the east were taken over by Persia, then theHellenistic kingdoms in the 3rd Century before christ. The city of Carthagefought of a century-long war with the rising power of Rome and wasdemolished. By the 1st Century BC, Rome had absorbed the easterncities so is the empire. As an ethnic group, the Phoenicians were of Semitic origin, but were amix of tribes which had moved from the east in Lebanon andSyria. He produced the alphabet from which Greece and Rome developedtheirs. Are credited with the invention of the bireme. The Phoenicians were conquered by Cyrus the Great of Persia in 539BC, and then is divided into four kingdoms vassals from then on. Marketed around the mediterranean sea, purple, and showed peoplehow to use the alphabet. They lived in colonies and were spread outby Cyrus the great.


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