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What type of preparation is required for an architect?

Timothy Norman

in Higher Education

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Eric Morgan on April 14, 2018

The following is written by and according to the Department of Labor and particular to the education and training required for architects. There are three main steps in becoming an architect: completing a professional degree in architecture; gaining work experience through an internship; and attaining licensure by passing the Architect Registration Exam. The education and training. In most States, architects must have a professional degree in architecture in one of the 117 schools of architecture that have degree programs accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB). However, State architectural registration boards set their own standards, so graduation from a non-accredited program may meet the educational requirement for licensing in some States. Most architects earn their professional degree through a 5 year Bachelor of Architecture degree program, which is intended for students without previous experience in architectural training. Others earn a master's degree after completing an undergraduate degree in another field or after completing a preprofessional architecture program. A master's degree in architecture can take 1 to 5 years to complete, depending on the extent of previous training in architecture. The choice of degree depends on preference and educational background. Prospective architecture students should consider the options before committing to a program. For example, despite the 5-year bachelor of architecture offers the most direct route to the professional degree, courses are specialized, and if the student does not complete the program, transferring to a program in another discipline may be difficult. A typical program includes courses in architectural history and theory, building design with an emphasis on CADD, structures, technology, construction methods, professional practice, math, physics, sciences, and liberal arts. Central to most architectural programs is the design studio, where students apply the skills and concepts learned in the classroom and create drawings and three-dimensional models of their designs. Many schools of architecture also offer postprofessional degrees for those who already have a bachelor's or master's degree in architecture or other areas. Although graduate education beyond the professional degree is not required for the practice of the architects, which can be useful for research, teaching, and certain specialties. All State architectural registration boards require architecture graduates to complete a training period-usually at least 3 years before they can sit for the licensing exam. Every State follows the training standards established by the Intern Development Program, a program of the American Institute of Architects and the National Council of Architecture Registration boards (NCARB). These standards stipulate broad training under the supervision of a licensed architect. Most new graduates complete their training period by working as interns in architectural firms. Some States allow a portion of the formation that occur in the offices of related professionals, such as engineers or general contractors. Architecture students who complete internships while still in school can count some of that time toward the 3 years of training period. Interns in architectural firms may assist in the design of a part of a project, help prepare architectural documents or drawings, build models, or prepare construction drawings on CADD. Interns also may research building codes and materials or write specifications for building materials, installation criteria, the quality of finishes and other related details. For the source and more detailed information concerning your request, click on the related links section (u.s. Department of Labor) indicated directly below this answer section.


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