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What schooling is needed for counseling psychology?

Caroline Campbell

in Higher Education

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Brandon Scott on February 12, 2018

The following is written by and according to the Department of Labor and particular to the education and training required for a psychologist ... A master's degree or doctorate degree, and a license, are required for most psychologists. Education and training. A doctoral degree usually is required for independent practice as a psychologist. Psychologists with a Phone of D. or Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) to qualify for a wide range of teaching, research, clinical, and counseling positions in universities, health services, primary and secondary schools, private industry and the government. Psychologists with a doctoral degree often work in clinical positions or in private practices, but they also sometimes teach, conduct research, or carry out the administrative responsibilities.. A doctoral degree generally requires 5 to 7 years of graduate study, culminating in a thesis based on original research. Courses in quantitative research methods, including the use of computer-based analysis, are an integral part of the graduate studies and are required to complete the doctoral thesis. The Psy.D. title may be based on practical work and examinations instead of a dissertation. In the clinical, counseling and school psychology, the requirements for the doctoral degree include at least a 1 year internship.. A specialist degree or its equivalent is required in most States for a person to work as a school psychologist, although some States still credential school psychologists with master's degrees. A specialist (Ed.S.) degree in school psychology requires a minimum of 3 years of full-time graduate study (at least 60 graduate semester hours) and a 1-year full-time internship. Because their professional practice addresses educational and mental health components of students ' development, school psychologists training includes courses in education and psychology. People with a masters degree in psychology may work as industrial-organizational psychologists. They also may work as psychological assistants under the supervision of doctoral-level psychologists, and conduct research or psychological evaluations. A master's degree in psychology requires at least 2 years of full-time graduate study. The requirements usually include practical experience in an applied setting and a master thesis based on an original research project.. the Competition for admission to graduate programs of psychology is keen. Some universities require applicants to have an undergraduate major in psychology. Others prefer only coursework in basic psychology with additional courses in biology, physics and the social sciences and in statistics and mathematics.. A bachelor's degree in psychology qualifies a person to assist psychologists and other professionals in community mental health centers, vocational rehabilitation offices, and correctional programs. Bachelor's degree holders may also work as research or administrative assistants for psychologists. Some work as technicians in related fields, such as marketing research. Many find employment in other areas, such as sales, service, or business management.. In the Federal Government, candidates having at least 24 semester hours in psychology and one course in statistics qualify for entry-level positions. However, the competition for these jobs is keen because this is one of the few ways in which one can work as a psychologist without an advanced degree.. The American Psychological Association (APA) currently accredits doctoral training programs in clinical, counseling, and school psychology, as well as of the institutions that offer scholarships for phd students in the school, clinical, and counseling psychology. The National Association of School Psychologists, with the help of the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher education, helps to approve advanced degree programs in school psychology.. Licensing. Psychologists in independent practice or those who offer any type of patient care-including clinical, counseling, and school psychologists-must meet certification or licensing requirements in all States and the District of Columbia. Licensing laws vary by State and by type of position and require licensed or certified psychologists to limit their practice to areas in which they have developed professional competence through training and experience. Clinical and counseling psychologists usually need a doctorate in psychology, an approved internship, and 1 to 2 years of professional experience. In addition, all States require that applicants pass an examination. The majority of the states licensing boards administer a standardized test and many supplement that with additional oral or essay questions. Some States require continuing education for license renewal.. The National Association of School Psychologists (RESOURCES) awards the Nationally Certified School Psychologist (NCSP) designation, which recognizes professional competency in school psychology national, rather than State, level. Today, 29 States recognize the NCSP and allow those with the certification to transfer credentials from one State to another without taking a new certification exam. In States that recognize the NCSP, the requirements for certification or license, or for the NCSP often are the same or similar. Requirements for the NCSP include the completion of 60 graduate semester hours in school psychology; a 1,200-hour internship, 600 hours of which must be completed in a school setting; and a passing score on the National School Psychology Exam.. Other qualifications. For aspiring psychologists interested in the direct care of the patient must be emotionally stable, mature and able to deal effectively with people. The sensitivity, compassion, good communication skills, and the ability to lead and inspire others are particularly important qualities for people wishing to do clinical work and counseling. Research psychologists should be able to do detailed work both independently and as part of a team. Patience and perseverance are vital qualities, because achieving results in the psychological treatment of patients or in research may take a long time.. and Certification of progress. The American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) recognizes professional achievement by awarding specialty certification in 13 different areas. Candidates for ABPP certification need a doctorate in psychology, postdoctoral training in their specialty, several years of experience, professional endorsements, and are required to pass the specialty board exam.. Psychologists can improve their advancement opportunities by earning an advanced degree and by participation in continuing education. Many psychologists opt to start their own practice after gaining experience working in the field. For the source and more detailed information concerning your request, click on the related links section (u.s. Department of Labor) indicated below this answer box.


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