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What is the psychological model of treatment for a patient suffering from maliginal hypertension?

Ronald Miller

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Ashley Howard on July 27, 2018

How to Treat Malignant Hypertension Malignant hypertension is characterized by extremely high blood pressure. Considered a medical emergency that requires a trip to the emergency room, symptoms may include headache, chest pain, cough and difficulty breathing, blurred vision, seizures, or numbness in the face, arms, or legs. The physical examination may reveal retinal bleeding or swelling of the optic nerve. Kidney failure, permanent blindness or brain damage can develop as potential complications. While a person with this condition may be prescribed several medications, diet, exercise, and lifestyle changes are essential in the control and management of hypertension. Instructions 1. . 1 . Limit grains and refined sugar in the diet. Low levels of insulin can help to bring high blood pressure under control. Get enough vitamin D, as a deficiency of this vitamin has been linked to insulin resistance, which is known to elevate the blood pressure. . 2 . Make exercise a priority once the severe high blood pressure has been controlled. Talk with your doctor first about what types of exercise can best fit your needs. In most cases, a routine that rotates in different types of exercise is the most effective. Focus on aerobic exercise some days, strength training on others, and incorporate stretching and flexibility exercises in your training. . 3 . Stop smoking. Smoking is one of the most common risk factors associated with malignant hypertension. Smoking injures the walls of the blood vessels, increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease. The nicotine in tobacco products constricts the blood vessels, making it more difficult for blood to flow through. With each cigarette that you smoke, your blood pressure rises. For people who already have high blood pressure, smoking accelerates the onset of malignant hypertension. . 4 . Reduce the anxiety and stress that cause you to overeat or drink alcohol, habits that can contribute to high blood pressure. A stress response is the constriction of the blood vessels, causing the blood pressure to increase. Previous studies conducted by researchers from the Harvard Medical School suggest that stress stimulates the production of adrenaline, increasing the heart rate and the narrowing of the blood vessels. . 5 . Take your medications on schedule and as directed by your doctor. Some of the medications commonly used to treat malignant hypertension include ACE inhibitors, such as enalapril; vasodilators such as hydralazine; a beta-blocker including labetalol; or a calcium channel blocker, such as nicardipine. Most antihypertensive medications work by relaxing the blood vessels, reducing the workload of the heart. Try not to miss any doses, and do not stop taking the medication without consulting with your doctor.

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