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What education do you have to have for a doctor?

Kaitlin Dean

in Student Loans

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Kaitlin Dean on November 8, 2019

The Formal education and training requirements for physicians between the most demanding of any occupation-4 years of undergraduateschool, 4 years of medical school, and 3 to 8 years of internshipand residence, depending on the specialty selected. A few medicalschools offer combined undergraduate and medical school programsthat last 6 rather than the customary 8 years. Premedical students must complete undergraduate work in physics,biology, mathematics, English, and inorganic and organic chemistry.Students also take courses in the humanities and the socialsciences. Some students volunteer at local hospitals or clinics togain practical experience in the health professions. The minimum educational requirement for entry to a medical schoolis 3 years of college; most applicants, however, have at least abachelor's degree, and many have advanced degrees. There are 146medical schools in the united States-126 teach allopathic medicineand award of a Doctor of Medicine (M. D.) degree; 30 teach osteopathicmedicine and the award of the Doctor of Osteopathic medicine (D. O.)degree. Acceptance to medical school is highly competitive.Applicants must submit transcripts, scores from the Medical CollegeAdmission Test, and letters of recommendation. Schools alsoconsider an applicant's character, personality, leadershipqualities, and participation in extracurricular activities. Mostschools require an interview with members of the admissionscommittee. The students spend most of the first 2 years of medical school inlaboratories and classrooms, taking courses such as anatomy,biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, psychology, microbiology,pathology, medical ethics, and laws governing medicine. They alsolearn to take medical histories, examine patients, and diagnoseillnesses. During their last 2 years, students work with patientsunder the supervision of experienced physicians in hospitals andclinics, learning acute, chronic, preventive, and rehabilitativecare. Through rotations in internal medicine, family medicine,obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, psychiatry, and surgery,they gain experience in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Following medical school, almost all M. D. s enter aresidency-graduate medical education in the specialty that takes theform of payment on-the-job training, usually in a hospital. The majority of the D. O. sserve 12-month rotating internship after graduation, and beforeentering a residency, which may last 2 to 6 years. All States, the District of Columbia and the territories of the united states licensephysicians. Of licensed, physicians must graduate from anaccredited school of medicine, pass a licensing examination, andcomplete of 1 to 7 years of graduate medical education. Althoughphysicians with license in one State usually can get a license topractice in another without further examination, some States limitreciprocity. Graduates of schools of medicine, general foreign canqualify to get the license after you pass an exam and complete aU.S. in the residence. M. D. s and D. O. s seeking board certification in a specialty mayspend up to 7 years in residency training, depending on thespecialty. A final examination immediately after residency or after 1 or 2 years of practice also is necessary for certification of amember board of the American Board of Medical Specialists (ABMS) orthe American Osteopathic Association (AOA). The ABMS represents 24specialty boards, ranging from allergy and immunology to urology.The AOA has approved 18 specialty boards, ranging fromanesthesiology of the surgery. For certification in a subspecialty,physicians usually need 1 to 2 years of residence. A physician's training is costly. According to the Association ofAmerican medical colleges, in 2004 more than 80 percent of medicalschool graduates in debt for educational expenses. People who wish to become physicians must have a desire to servepatients, be self-motivated, and be able to survive the pressuresand long hours of medical education and practice. The medical alsomust have a good bedside manner, emotional stability, and theability to make decisions in emergency situations. Prospective physiciansmust be willing to study throughout their career in order to keepup with the latest medical advances. Source:http://www.collegegrad.com/careers/proft82.shtml#tra


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