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What are the rules of Basic English Grammar?

I want to study English grammar so that I can learn how to speak and write in English. However, since I know nothing about the language, I would like to learn easy English grammar first. I think doing this will give me the confidence to learn more difficult concepts. Therefore, I would like to know the basic English grammar rules I need to be aware of when I am writing or speaking in English. I would also like to know how long it will take me to learn these basic rules of the English language.

Samantha Barber

in Exams and Tests

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Zach Chandler on March 12, 2018

It is a good idea to start with English grammar on a basic level; there are numerous grammar rules in the English language that might not be easy to understand when you are just starting to learn the language. The basic rules apply to parts of speech like conjunctions, prepositions, nouns, adverbs, pronouns, verbs and adjectives. The rules also apply to sentence structure.

When it comes to sentence structure, the rules specify that; a sentence must always express a person’s complete thought. It means you cannot leave your sentence halfway or start it in the middle. It has to be complete so that the person reading it can understand you. The other rule of sentence structure states that one subject needs one predicate.

Once you have understood the sentence structure rules which are the easiest English grammar rules, the next thing you need to do is to learn the different parts of speech. There are following parts of speech:

  • Nouns: This names a person, a thing, a place, an animal, feeling, an idea or activity. It can be either in plural or singular, and it can also show possession.
  • Pronoun: This takes the place of a noun. Examples of pronouns include; I, they and you.
  • Verb: These are words that show actions such as playing or running. A verb can also be a helping verb. Helping verbs are words like has and were. Verbs are also used to indicate the tense of the sentence which can be past present or future among others.
  • Adjectives: These are words that modify pronouns and nouns. It adds meaning to the sentence by telling you how much, what kind and in what ways.
  • Adverbs: These are words that modify the verbs. They tell you how much, how, why, where and when.
  • Prepositions: These are words that tell you the relationship between the nouns and the pronouns. In most cases, they are used with nouns to indicate locations. Examples of prepositions include; in, on, beside and below.
  • Conjunctions: These connect words and phrases. Examples of conjunctions are; and, or, but.

When you are studying English Grammar it is also essential to learn the rules of punctuation. These are very important when you are writing in English. They enable your sentences to flow smoothly, and they make it easy to understand your sentences. Once you learn these basic rules, you should have no problem writing simple sentences in English.

Larry Warrena year ago

I agree. Basic English Grammar rules normally refer to sentence structure, the different parts of speech and punctuation. However, when you are just starting out, it is also very important for you to learn spellings and pronunciation of different words. Learning how to spell various words is very important especially if you also want to learn how to write in English. To practice different spellings, you can use a dictionary or read some simple English books. These days, you can also use English apps to learn English. It will help you to improve your spelling. Pronunciation, on the other hand, is very important if you plan on learning how to speak the language. A great way to practice pronunciation is to try and speak English every opportunity you get. You can also use apps to help you learn different ways of pronouncing English words. All abovementioned combined with your three Basic English rules will greatly improve your English speaking and writing skills.


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