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Part a use valence bond theory to devise a hybridization and bonding scheme for co2. match the words in the left column to the appropriate blanks in the sentences on the right. make certain each sentence is complete before submitting your answer.

Roger Moore

in Chemistry

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Cynthia Baker on September 13, 2018

Q1)first let's draw the structure of lewis for CO₂C is the central atom with the O atom on either side of the CO - C - Othe number of valence electrons around each atom of C - 4TH - 6TH - 6total number of valence electrons - 16number of electron pairs - 16/2 = 81 pair is shared between the 1 O atom, and C and another pair of electrons are shared between the C and the other O atom that leaves us with 8 -2 = 6 pairs add 3 pairs of each of atoms (Or as lone pairs and octets for the two O atoms have been completed. But in C, the octet is not complete yet. So to convert the 2 single bonds between C and O to 2 double bonds on each side. then octet of C is complete. number of lone pairs around O is reduced to 2 pairs free.the structure is the following .. . .: O = C = O :determine the geometry allows the use VSEPRnumber of valence electrons around C - 4number of bonds around C (2 Or 2 electrons contributed - 4total number of electron - 8number of electron pairs - 4VSEPR of the geometry of 4 pairs no lone pairs is linear geometry1. The structure lewis CARBON has a carbon atom joined to oxygen atoms by two double bonds.2. The carbon dioxide has a linear relationship of electron geometry3. The carbon atom is sp hybridized.4. The carbon dioxide has two C(p)-S(p) π bond and two Or(sp2)-C(sp) sigma bonds.the geometry of CO₂ linear means that the sp hybridized where each orbital has 50% s and 50% p character. An orbital s and an orbital p have been mixed, and form 2 orbital sp. the rest of the p orbitals taking part in π bonds and orbitals sp to take part in sigma of the union. So between C and O there is a sigma bond and a pi bond. In total, 2 sigma bonds and 2 pi bonds.Or has 3 orbitals sp2 with 2 of them lone pair orbitals. An orbital sp2 bond sp orbital of C the formation of a sigma bond. the other orbital p Or bonds with p-orbital of C to form a pi bond.


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