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How many covalent bonds does carbon form if each of its unpaired electrons participate in one bond?

Amanda Johnson

in Chemistry

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Kyle Mckinney on August 7, 2018

In the first place, you should know that a covalent bond if formed by an unpaired electron of each of the two atoms involved in the link.Then, the number of covalent bonds an atom can form is equal to the number of unpaired electrons that the atom has.Now you just need to know the number of unpaired electrons that an atom of carbon has.It is a known fact that carbon has four unpaired electrons.This number comes from the electron configuration of carbon is 1s2 2s2 2p2, and the fact that the two electrons in 2s are promoted to the level of p, and then the carbon 4 of the equal hybrid orbitals with each one of the unpaired electrons: 1s2 4sp3.In conclusion, carbon has 4 unpaired electrons, each of which can form a covalent bond, for a total of 4 covalent bonds, if each unpaired electron participates in a covalent bond.


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