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Explain what essential fat is and describe the gender differences in fat distribution.

Eric Morgan

in Advanced placement

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Kristi Hammond on July 5, 2018

Gender Differences in Fat Storage it is well established that women generally have a higher percentage of body fat than men. A healthy range of body fat for women is 20-25%, and a healthy range of body fat for men is 10-15% (Robergs and Roberts, 1997). A body fat percentage of over 20% for men or 30% women is considered an indication of obesity. Body fat distribution varies between individuals and is a key determinant of cardiovascular risk. Some people carry more of their body fat in and around the abdominal area. This type of fat deposition is called android, or apple body type, and is the most characteristic element among the males. The android body type is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The body type most common among females is the gynoid, or pear body type. This body type is characterized by fat deposits in the hip and thigh region (Robergs And Roberts, 1997). The scientific explanations for the dramatic difference in body fat distribution between men and women are largely unknown, although differences in hormones, hormone receptors, and enzyme concentrations play a contributing role. These possible mechanisms are discussed later in the section on epinephrine and lipolysis. See box 1 for two ways to determine your client's body type and the risk of cardiovascular disease.


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