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Athens and Sparta were both A. countries B. city-states C. monarchies D. empires

Donald Ward

in Social studies

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Daniel King on December 12, 2018

Answer: B. in the city-statesAncient Greece was dominated by independent peoples of the so-called city-states. One of the reasons of this development is its geography. The country has a mountainous terrain, many isolated valleys and islands. This meant that many of the local centres developed, in place of a mighty capital.Greek aristocracy also prevented the concentration of power in a monarchy. They were in favour of the political independence of their cities. Therefore, the rulers were seen as "tyrants" and did not last long.Finally, the presence of the Mediterranean sea, which is easily navigable, encouraged them to extend, and establish the different colonies in times of crisis, and overpopulation. These new colonies recognized their common background, but are operated independently of each other.


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